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Eczema is a general term encompassing various inflamed skin conditions. It is persistent and unsightly, characterized by redness, dryness, extremely itchy patches and more. Approximately 10% - 20% of the world’s population is affected by eczema.
An eczematous dermatitis, distressingly pruritic, recurrent, often flexural, and symmetric.

a) Frequent application of a plain, thick, greasy moisturizer without fragrances or common sensitizing preservatives is ideal.
b) Advise soft, light cotton clothing, avoid wool, coarse fibers.

Atopic dermatitis in a young toddler. The child scratches the face by rubbing. Eczematous patches are evident on both cheeks. Use of emollients daily is helpful.

Atopic dermatitis has a predilection for the eyelids. Affected eyelids are red and scaling, and develop lichenification over time. Avoidance of irritants and allergens is a good management strategy.

Eczematous dermatitis on dorsal forearm. The prominent finding is lichenification; this indicates a longstanding problem. Ointment-based treatments will penetrate this thickened skin better.

A typical site for atopic dermatitis in childhood is the flexure popliteal fossae and the antecubital fossae. These erythematous scaling patches are very pruritic and sometimes weeping.