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Eczema is a general term encompassing various inflamed skin conditions. It is persistent and unsightly, characterized by redness, dryness, extremely itchy patches and more. Approximately 10% - 20% of the world’s population is affected by eczema.
Eczema (Acute Eczamatous Inflammation; Rhus dermatitis, Subacute eczematous inflammation; Chronic eczematous inflammation; Lichen simplex chronicus; Hand eczema; Asteatotic eczema; Chapped, fissured fett; Allergic contact dermatitis; Irritant contact dermatitis; Fingertip eczema; Keratolysis exfoliativa; Nummular eczema; Pompho;yx; Prurigo nodularis; Stasis dermatitis; Venous leg ulcers; Atopic dermatitis; Autosomal dominant ichthyosis vulgaris; Keratosis pilaris; Pityriasis alba)

Eczema is a general term encompassing various inflamed skin conditions. One of the most common forms of eczema is atopic dermatitis (or "atopic eczema"). Approximately 10 percent to 20 percent of the world population is affected by this chronic, relapsing, and very itchy rash at some point during childhood. Fortunately, many children with eczema find that the disease clears and often disappears with age.

In general, atopic dermatitis will come and go, often based on external factors. Although its cause is unknown, the condition appears to be an abnormal response of the body’s immune system. In people with eczema, the inflammatory response to irritating substances overacts, causing itching and scratching. Eczema is not contagious and, like many diseases, currently cannot be cured. However, for most patients the condition may be managed well with treatment and avoidance of triggers.
What does eczema look and feel like?
It is most often characterized by dry, red, extremely itchy patches on the skin. Eczema is sometimes referred to as "the itch that rashes," since the itch, when scratched, results in the appearance of the rash. Eczema can occur on just about any part of the body; however, in infants, eczema typically occurs on the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp, and neck.

Who gets eczema?
Eczema occurs in both children and adults, but usually appears during infancy. Although there is no known cause for the disease, it often affects people with a family history of allergies. Those who are genetically predisposed and then exposed to environmental triggers may develop eczema. Many people who have eczema also suffer from allergic rhinitis and asthma, or have family members who do.
How can eczema be treated?
One of the most important components of an eczema treatment routine is to prevent scratching. Because eczema is usually dry and itchy, the most common treatment is the application of lotions or creams to keep the skin as moist as possible.

If the condition persists, worsens, or does not improve satisfactorily, consult our skin dermatologist. Skin affected by eczema may frequently become infected. If this happens to you, doctor may prescribe topical or oral antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection.


Dermatoloy