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Conditions that affect the locomotor system of the body – the parts of the body that give us the ability to move – include degenerative diseases like arthritis, trauma, sports injuries, tumours and congenital disorders.
As bones require blood to maintain health, grow and repair, disease and damage limit blood flow. As a result, joints become pain, stiff and swollen. Advancements in joint replacement surgery and recovery have more people turning to these surgical solutions earlier in life to stay healthy and improve the quality of their lives.

What is replacement surgery?
It is an orthopaedic surgery in which a joint damaged by disease or injury is replaced with a prosthesis made of plastic, metal, or both.

How can I determine if replacement surgery is for me?
Whether or not to undergo replacement surgery should be a cooperative decision made by you, your family, your doctors and orthopaedic surgeon. It is a long-term solution for worn and damaged joints. Generally, the objective of replacement surgery is to relieve severe pain, increased mobility and better quality of life.

How will I be evaluated for replacement surgery?
Prevent damage to a new crown or bridge by avoiding chewing anything hard or tough. While they can last a lifetime, your dental health is important in maintaining them. A bridge or crown can become loose or fall out if the tooth to which it is attached becomes damaged by dental disease. Keep the gums and teeth healthy by brushing and flossing regularly. Also, consult your dentist for scheduled check-ups and professional cleanings.

What will the preparation involve?
As replacement surgery is a major surgery, you need to be thoroughly prepped – such as getting medical evaluations, tests, dental and urinary evaluations, and arrangements made for the weeks ahead during your recovery period.

Physical preparations can also affect the outcome of the surgery and recovery time – don’t smoke or drink, eat well, and undergo pre-surgical exercises. Exercises to strengthen the upper body will help you manage easier with crutches or a walker after surgery.

Also, you may want to prepare your home to be easier to navigate, and crutch- or walker-friendly.

What happens post-surgery?
Recovering from replacement surgery takes time. You may be in the hospital for a few days. Physiotherapy and rehabilitation is essential throughout your recovery. Your surgeon will let you know the limitations in movement you should adhere to, and you may have to use a walker, cane, or crutches for several weeks.